The poorest half of the world’s population - 3.5 billion people - is responsible for just 10 percent of carbon emissions, despite being the most threatened by the catastrophic storms, droughts, and other severe weather shocks linked to climate change. These are the findings of a new Oxfam report, released during the ongoing climate talks in Paris, which also shows the world’s richest 10 percent produce around half of all emissions.
The Oxfam report, “Extreme Carbon Inequality,” provides new estimates of the lifestyle consumption emissions of rich and poor citizens in different countries. While negotiators might be working to reach an agreement based on the total emissions produced by their respective countries, this analysis helps dispel the myth that citizens in rapidly developing countries are somehow most to blame for climate change. While emissions are rising fastest in developing countries, much of this is for the production of goods consumed in other countries, meaning that the emissions associated with the lifestyle of the vast majority of their citizens are still far lower than their counterparts in developed countries.
Oxfam’s head of food and climate policy, Tim Gore, said: “Climate change and economic inequality are inextricably linked and together pose one of the greatest challenges of the 21st century. Paris must be the start of building a more human economy for all – not just for the ‘haves,’ the richest and highest emitters, but also the ‘have-nots,’ the poorest people who are the least responsible for and most vulnerable to climate change.”
Broken Dreams in Burundi
On May 13th, Major General Niyombare launched a coup attempt against President Pierre Nkurunziza, after weeks of violent protests against the president's bid for a third term. As a result of the turmoil, an estimated total of 105,000 people have fled the country, to Tanzania (WHO assessment, 19-May-15). Out of these around 79,000 are located at the entry point of Kagunga at the shore of the lake, 20,000 have been relocated to Nyarugusa camp, and 11,000 are in transit. Moist refugees are women and children, and reportedly family of soldiers engaged in the coup. Tanzanian authorities are registering the entrees before transferring them to Nyarugusu camp. There are 9 registration points. Nyagugusu camp is likely to be unable to host all refugees and a new site for a second camp is being identified. In Kagunga there is severe overcrowding and critical needs of clean water, adequate sanitation, health care, food and shelter and education. A cholera h outbreak has already resulted in the death of 8 refugees and there is a threat that the disease may spread. A total of 520 suspicious diarrhoea cases have been diagnosed. CARE Tanzania is positioning itself to provide support to the Burundi refugees. It intends to work through local organizations to serve refugees with critical needs. It has identified three organizations, who in their turn expressed interest in working with CARE. CARE‟s regional emergency officer Benoit Munsch will be conducting a needs assessment and stakeholder analysis at the end of May.
On 17 February 17 the mutilated remains of a 1 year old albino baby boy with were discovered by police in Geita, Tanzania. His arms and legs were hacked off. Two days earlier his homestead was attacked by five unidentified men with machetes. Three of them seized his father while the other two forced their way into the house where his mother Ester was preparing the evening meal. The child was abducted, killed and some of his remains dumped.
On 6 January 6, 2015, a 4 year old boy with albinism,
Karim Kassim, narrowly escaped abduction in a suburb of Mwanza Town. Two men on a motorcycle drove around his house repeatedly. The neighbors warned the family of the attempt of abduction, whereupon his mother locked him in the house. The assailants were chased away also with the help of the neighbors. The incident was reported to the police.
In February of 2014 a 17 year old woman with albinism, Masalu Masanja, was gang-raped by five men on her family farm in Gasuma in north-western Tanzania. She contracted 2 STDs and became pregnant from the rape. Government officials brought Masalu and where she was treated for the STDs and in November of 2014 gave birth to a baby girl without albinism. She does not know who the father of her child is and suffers from deep physical and psychological trauma as a result of the attack.
This unimaginable evil is driven by the belief (in some areas of the country) that the body parts of albinos possess magical powers capable of bringing riches if used in potions produced by local witchdoctors. Leaders in the albinism community believe that many of the attacks and killings remain undocumented and thus the numbers are likely much higher than records show. While Tanzanian police first started documenting them in 2006, it is widely known that these witchcraft related assaults against albinos have been going on since time beyond memory. Reports indicate that albino body parts are being exported outside of Tanzania. In one instance, a Tanzanian trader was caught traveling to the Democratic Republic of the Congo with the head of an infant albino in his possession. He told police that a businessman was going to pay him for the head according to its weight.
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The Australia Africa Community Engagement Scheme (AACES) is supporting girls in Singida with sanitary pads and changing rooms. The initiative is implemented in Tanzania by CARE Tanzania, Caritas Tanzania, Marie Stopes Tanzania, WaterAid Tanzania and World Vision Tanzania.
This is one of activities supported by AACES in health, water, sexual reproductive health, agriculture, sanitation and hygiene sectors benefiting over 48,000 women and children in communities around Tanzania. The launch event was organized by CARE graced by Achilles Ndyalusa, Senior Community Development Officer of the Ministry of Community Development, Gender and Children and his counterpart Ms. Leisa Gibson, the First Secretary for Development Cooperation with the Australian High Commission in Nairobi.